The decision to repair or restore handmade rugs will be based on the amount and type of damage, the cost of the repairs, and the estimated value of the rug. If the cost of the restoration exceeds the value of the rug, it may be better to repair it. There is a difference between restoration and the repair of oriental rugs, and in some cases if the repair is not properly done, it may decrease the value of the rug.
Restoration may be more labor intensive, and involves the use of fabrics, colors, and techniques that are not unlike those of the original. When you chose to repair oriental rugs, there is more flexibility allowed, as there is no mandated stipulation to return the rug to its original state. If the rug is relatively new, and the damage is not extensive, it may be repaired, but for older rugs or rugs with extensive damage or for more expensive rugs, the better option would be restoration. This can make the restoration as equally labor-intensive as the original rug manufacture.
In order to restore handmade rugs, an intimate knowledge of the rug and its origin would be needed. Restoration is usually more costly, because, you may need to determine the type and quality of the original materials, which at times may be difficult to find. Duplication of the hand knotting process used in the original manufacture is sometimes necessary, as the results of the restoration should be indistinguishable.
Oriental rugs, can be expensive, and they may even become irreplaceable. If the proper precautions are observed, your rugs can last a very long time, but common occurrences such as normal wear and tear or damages from water or from pets or infestation from moths will warrant repairs. You may also need to repair oriental rugs if and when they are damaged from cleaning or fading due to the effects of direct sunlight.